A "special instructions" box is
provided at checkout to request samples. For example, if you type "Stain to
be determined, please send medium stains on Oak", we will send 3 or 4
medium stains on Oak for you to choose from. You then make your selection
and mail the samples back to us. Stain samples consist of 2 separate boards
of contrasting grain which are glued, planed, sanded, stained, top coated
and then cut to size. Needless to say, this is a time consuming and costly
procedure. Because of this, a $25 re-stocking fee for each stain board will
be assessed for boards and/or leather samples not returned to us. Please
keep in mind that we can also custom stain pieces to match your existing
(Quercus Rubra), A
beautiful hardwood chosen by the American consumer 50% of the time as
their wood species of choice for furniture. It's three dimensional
warmth, uniform color, durability and ease of finishing have built Oaks
reputation. Grown in the eastern US, especially in the Appalachians,
oak exhibits large open grain. Our regular Oak pieces are made using
Red Oak, 1/4 Sawn pieces are built using White Oak which provides more
"ray flake" (the distinctive grain in 1/4 Sawn Oak) . Red Oak scores
1260 on the Janka hardness test.
1/4 Sawn White
(Quercus Alba). All 1/4
Sawn orders on our site are built using White Oak. Very similiar to red
oak but slightly harder and when 1/4 sawn, provides more "ray flake".
Ray flake is the distinctive striping which is seen in antique wood
pieces. 1/4 Sawn Oak is primarily used on Shaker and Mission style
pieces to more accurately represent the look of antique furniture.
White Oak scores 1360 on the Janka hardness test.
Cherry and Rustic
(Prunus Serotina): Found
from Maine to the Appalachians. Finest growth is from Pennsylvania and
West Virginia. Light reddish-brown in color with a warm easygoing grain
that may include small pitch pockets of minerals. Cherry will darken
with exposure to light. Cherry scores 950 on the Janka hardness test.
Rustic Cherry shares the same properties as our standard cherry. The
difference being that it contains more "sap wood" and mineral deposits
or "pitting" as shown in the sample below.
Maple and Brown
(Acer Saccharum): Grown from the Great
Lakes to Canada. Hard Rock Maple is excellent for high 'impact
resistant' applications or where a uniform light creamy yellowish/white
color is sought. Northern Maple is naturally 50% harder than Red Oak
lumber, Maple has a strong, uniform physical grain structure. The
luster or visual texture of Maple offers a changing panorama of beauty
as light strikes the wood from various angles. Maple is growing in it's
popularity due to its natural coloration. Maple scores 1450 on the
Janka hardness test.
Brown Maple is the
"heart wood" (wood towards the center of a tree) of various soft maple
trees and not a specific species of tree. As it's from the center of
the tree, it tends to run a range of colors from light to beige to
medium brown. Brown Maple is a smooth wood often used for painting or
for darker dye stains such as Onyx. We are currently working with our
stainer to achieve results similar in appearance to Cherry but without
the added Cherry cost. Brown Maple hardness varies, but it is in the
same range as Cherry (950 on the Janka Scale).
Beech, Elm, Mahogany and
American Beech is a species to
eastern North America. The sapwood of American beech is white with a red
tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. The wood wears
well and holds a polish, and it bends readily when steamed. Care is needed
in gluing, but the wood finishes well with paint or transparent
finishes.American Beech scores 1300 on the Janka hardness scale.
Elm contains about 45 species
native to Asia, Europe and the Mediterranean, South and Central America and
North America. All species look alike microscopically. The sapwood of elm
is nearly white, while the heartwood is light brown to brown with a reddish
tinge. The wood has no characteristic odor or taste. Elm is moderately
heavy and stiff, with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is
difficult to split because of its interlocked grain. American white Elm
scores 830 on the Janka hardness scale.
Mahogany varies from yellowish, reddish, pinkish, or salmon colored when
freshly cut, to a deep rich red, to reddish brown as the wood matures with
age. Mahogany is fine to medium texture, with uniform to interlocking
grain, ranging from straight to wavy or curly. Irregularities in the grain
often produce highly attractive figures such as fiddle back or mottle.
Mahogany polishes to a high luster, with excellent working and finishing
characteristics. It responds well to hand and machine tools, has good
nailing and screwing properties, and turns and carves superbly. Mahogany is
regarded by many as the world's premier wood for fine cabinetry, high-class
furniture, trimming fine boats, pianos and other musical instruments,
interior trim, and carving. Mahogany is a softer wood and scores 800-830 on
the Janka hardness scale.
Black Walnut contains 15
species which grow in South America, Eurasia, and North America. The
sapwood of black walnut is nearly white, while the heartwood is light brown
to dark, chocolate brown, often with a purplish cast and darker streaks.
The wood is heavy, hard, and stiff and has high shock resistance. Black
walnut is straight grained and easily worked with hand tools and by
machine. It finishes beautifully and holds paint and stain exceptionally
well. It also glues and polishes well. American Walnut scores 1110 on the
Janka hardness scale.