A "special instructions"
box is provided at checkout to request samples. For example, if you type
"Stain to be determined, please send medium stains on Oak", we will
send 3 or 4 medium stains on Oak for you to choose from. You then make
your selection and mail the samples back to us. Stain samples consist
of 2 separate boards of contrasting grain which are glued, planed,
sanded, stained, top coated and then cut to size. Needless to say, this
is a time consuming and costly procedure. Because of this, a $25
re-stocking fee for each stain board will be assessed for boards and/or
leather samples not returned to us. Please keep in mind that we can
also custom stain pieces to match your existing furniture.
Northern Red Oak
(Quercus Rubra), A beautiful
hardwood chosen by the American consumer 50% of the time as their wood
species of choice for furniture. It's three dimensional warmth, uniform
color, durability and ease of finishing have built Oaks reputation.
Grown in the eastern US, especially in the Appalachians, oak exhibits
large open grain. Our regular Oak pieces are made using Red Oak, 1/4
Sawn pieces are built using White Oak which provides more "ray flake" (the
distinctive grain in 1/4 Sawn Oak) . Red Oak scores 1260 on the Janka
1/4 Sawn White Oak
(Quercus Alba). All 1/4 Sawn orders on our site are built using White
Oak. Very similiar to red oak but slightly harder and when 1/4 sawn,
provides more "ray flake". Ray flake is the distinctive striping
which is seen in antique wood pieces. 1/4 Sawn Oak is primarily used
on Shaker and Mission style pieces to more accurately represent the
look of antique furniture. White Oak scores 1360 on the Janka hardness
Cherry and Rustic Cherry
(Prunus Serotina): Found from Maine to the
Appalachians. Finest growth is from Pennsylvania
and West Virginia.
Light reddish-brown in color with a warm
easygoing grain that may include
small pitch pockets of minerals. Cherry will
darken with exposure to
light. Cherry scores 950 on the Janka hardness
test. Rustic Cherry shares the same properties as our standard cherry.
The difference being that it contains more "sap wood" and mineral
deposits or "pitting" as shown in the sample below.
Maple and Brown Maple
(Acer Saccharum): Grown from the Great Lakes to Canada. Hard Rock Maple
is excellent for high 'impact resistant' applications or where a uniform light
creamy yellowish/white color is sought. Northern Maple is naturally 50% harder
than Red Oak lumber, Maple has a strong, uniform physical grain structure. The
luster or visual texture of Maple offers a changing panorama of beauty as light
strikes the wood from various angles. Maple is growing in it's popularity due
to its natural coloration. Maple scores 1450 on the Janka hardness test.
Brown Maple is the "heart wood" (wood towards the
center of a tree) of various soft maple trees and not a specific species
of tree. As it's from the center of the tree, it tends to run a range
of colors from light to beige to medium brown. Brown Maple is a smooth
wood often used for painting or for darker dye stains such as Onyx. We
are currently working with our stainer to achieve results similar in
appearance to Cherry but without the added Cherry cost. Brown Maple
hardness varies, but it is in the same range as Cherry (950 on the Janka
Beech, Elm, Mahogany and Walnut
American Beech is a species to eastern
North America. The sapwood of American beech is white with a red tinge,
while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. The wood wears well
and holds a polish, and it bends readily when steamed. Care is needed in
gluing, but the wood finishes well with paint or transparent
finishes.American Beech scores 1300 on the Janka hardness scale.
Elm contains about 45 species native to
Asia, Europe and the Mediterranean, South and Central America and North
America. All species look alike microscopically. The sapwood of elm is
nearly white, while the heartwood is light brown to brown with a reddish
tinge. The wood has no characteristic odor or taste. Elm is moderately
heavy and stiff, with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is
difficult to split because of its interlocked grain. American white Elm
scores 830 on the Janka hardness scale.
Swietenia macrophylla. Mahogany
varies from yellowish, reddish, pinkish, or salmon colored when freshly
cut, to a deep rich red, to reddish brown as the wood matures with age.
Mahogany is fine to medium texture, with uniform to interlocking grain,
ranging from straight to wavy or curly. Irregularities in the grain
often produce highly attractive figures such as fiddle back or mottle.
Mahogany polishes to a high luster, with excellent working and finishing
characteristics. It responds well to hand and machine tools, has good
nailing and screwing properties, and turns and carves superbly. Mahogany
is regarded by many as the world's premier wood for fine cabinetry,
high-class furniture, trimming fine boats, pianos and other musical
instruments, interior trim, and carving. Mahogany is a softer wood and
scores 800-830 on the Janka hardness scale.
Black Walnut contains 15 species which
grow in South America, Eurasia, and North America. The sapwood of black
walnut is nearly white, while the heartwood is light brown to dark,
chocolate brown, often with a purplish cast and darker streaks. The wood
is heavy, hard, and stiff and has high shock resistance. Black walnut
is straight grained and easily worked with hand tools and by machine. It
finishes beautifully and holds paint and stain exceptionally well. It
also glues and polishes well. American Walnut scores 1110 on the Janka